After the desired menus have been created,
the next step for the programmer is to decide
which objects will call which menus. The form,
as well as individual controls on the form,
can all have pop-up menus specified.
The standard method used to activate an object's
pop-up menu is to use the MouseUp event procedure
to detect when the user right-clicks the mouse.
After the user right-clicks, the menu is displayed.
To determine the state of the mouse, the programmer
traps the MouseUp event of the object to provide
the menu. Using the event's Button parameter,
the programmer verifies which mouse button the
To determine which mouse button was activated,
the procedure is passed two arguments: Button
and Shift. The Button argument indicates the
mouse button that was pressed. The Shift indicates
whether the Ctrl and/or Alt and/or Shift was
active when the mouse click event occurred.
The following code in the form's MouseUp
event determines which mouse button was pressed
and then further distinguishes which Shift key
or Shift key combination was pressed along with
the mouse button.
Sub Form_MouseUp(Button As Integer,
Shift As Integer, X As Single, Y As Single)
Dim blnIsAlt as Boolean
Dim blnIsCtrl as Boolean
Dim blnIsShift as Boolean
BlnIsAlt = Shift And vbAltMask
BlnIsCtrl = Shift And vbCtrlMask
BlnIsShift = Shift And vbShiftMask
If Button = vbLeftButton Then
If blnIsAlt And blnIsShift Then
… So something to react to Left Button
Alt + Shift
ElseIf Button = vbRightButton Then
The preceding code uses VB constants to determine
the button-Shift key combination. The key combination
of Ctrl and/or Alt and/or Shift will also be
returned as a number in the Shift parameter.
You can test to see whether a particular key
was pressed by the user by using the AND operator
to compare the Shift parameter with one of the
bit mask constants vbAltKey, vbShiftKey, or
In the MouseUp event,
both Button and Shift are integer values. When
programming for this event, either the integer
value can be used or the VB constants that refer
to the various possible Button and Shift key
For further discussion of how to program with the MouseUp
and MouseDown event procedures, see the section in
this chapter entitled "MouseUp and MouseDown."