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Analysis and Design
Role of System Analyst
The system analyst is the person (or persons) who guides through the development
of an information system. In performing these tasks the analyst must always match
the information system objectives with the goals of the organization.
Role of System Analyst differs from organization to organization. Most common
responsibilities of System Analyst are following
1) System analysis
It includes system's study in order to get facts about business activity. It
is about getting information and determining requirements. Here the responsibility
includes only requirement determination, not the design of the system.
2) System analysis and design:
Here apart from the analysis work, Analyst is also responsible for the designing
of the new system/application.
3) Systems analysis, design, and programming:
Here Analyst is also required to perform as a programmer, where he actually
writes the code to implement the design of the proposed application.
Due to the various responsibilities that a system analyst requires to handle,
he has to be multifaceted person with varied skills required at various stages
of the life cycle. In addition to the technical know-how of the information system
development a system analyst should also have the following knowledge.
Business knowledge: As the analyst might have to develop any
kind of a business system, he should be familiar with the general functioning
of all kind of businesses.
Interpersonal skills: Such skills are required at various
stages of development process for interacting with the users and extracting the
requirements out of them
Problem solving skills: A system analyst should have enough
problem solving skills for defining the alternate solutions to the system and
also for the problems occurring at the various stages of the development process.
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