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VB6 Database

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ADO (ActiveX Data Object) data control

• The ADO (ActiveX Data Object) data control is the primary interface between a Visual Basic application and a database. It can be used without writing any code at all! Or, it can be a central part of a complex database management system. This icon may not appear in your Visual Basic toolbox. If it doesn’t, select Project from the main menu, then click Components. The Components window will appear. Select Microsoft ADO Data Control, then click OK. The control will be added to your toolbox.

• As mentioned in Review and Preview, previous versions of Visual Basic used another data control. That control is still included with Visual Basic 6.0 (for backward compatibility) and has as its icon:

Make sure you are not using this data control for the work in this class. This control is suitable for small databases. You might like to study it on your own.

• The data control (or tool) can access databases created by several other programs besides Visual Basic (or Microsoft Access). Some other formats supported include Btrieve, dBase, FoxPro, and Paradox databases.

• The data control can be used to perform the following tasks:

1. Connect to a database.

2. Open a specified database table.

3. Create a virtual table based on a database query.

4. Pass database fields to other Visual Basic tools, for display or editing. Such tools are bound tools (controls), or data aware.

5. Add new records or update a database.

6. Trap any errors that may occur while accessing data.

7. Close the database.

• Data Control Properties:

Align                                  Determines where data control is displayed.

Caption                              Phrase displayed on the data control.

ConnectionString           Contains the information used to establish a connection to a database.

                     Indicates the type of locks placed on records during editing (default setting makes databases read-only).

Recordset                       A set of records defined by a data control’s ConnectionString and RecordSource properties. Run-time only.

RecordSource                  Determines the table (or virtual table) the data control is attached to.

• As a rule, you need one data control for every database table, or virtual table, you need access to. One row of a table is accessible to each data control at any one time. This is referred to as the current record.

• When a data control is placed on a form, it appears with the assigned caption and four arrow buttons:

The arrows are used to navigate through the table rows (records). As indicated, the buttons can be used to move to the beginning of the table, the end of the table, or from record to record.


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