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Method B: Using Wrapper Routines in the Client

This method enables you to pass an object that has been instantiated from the Client class to a "wrapper" routine. The wrapper routine accepts a parameter whose type is of the Interface class. Even though its type is of the Interface class, this parameter provides a reference inside the wrapper routine to the original object, but only in regard to its features that are implemented in the Interface class.

LISTING 12.20
USING WRAPPER FUNCTIONS TO GAIN ACCESS TO AN OBJECT'S INTERFACE ELEMENTS

Option Explicit

'STEP 1)
   'DECLARE AND INSTANTIATE OBJECTS FROM
   'THEIR BASE CLASSES

Private autFord As New Automobile

'STEP 2)
   'Create procedures that
   'take parameters whose
   'type is that of the
   'Interface class and manipulate
   'that parameter as desired.
Private Function VehicleTravel _
   (vhl As IVehicle, x1, y1, x2, y2) As Double
   VehicleTravel = vhl.Travel(x1, y1, x2, y2)

'STEP 2A)
   'Following line displays name
   'of Base Class,
   'which is "Automobile,"
   'instead of the interface class
   'name, "IVehicle"
   Debug.Print TypeName(vhl)
End Function

'STEP 3)
   'Call the wrapper
   'procedures when you need to
   'manipulate the base class
   'object through its interface.
   'This calling code should pass the
   'base class object variable
   'to the procedures, and NOT
   'the variables based on the
   'interface class.
Private Sub Command2_Click()
    MsgBox "Traveled " & VehicleTravel(vhl747, 0, 0, 3, 4)
End Sub

Listing 12.20 shows the steps you need to take to use this second method to gain access to the Interface-provided elements of a Class object. The steps are as given in Step by Step 12.5 (step numbers are keyed to the numbers in the example of the listing).

STEP BY STEP
12.5 Using Client Wrapper Routines to Refer to an Interface Class Object

  1. Declare and instantiate an object from the Client class. This is the same operation as performed in step 1 of the preceding method, and the same comments apply. You also use the same Client class as in the example, Automobile, to instantiate the variable autFord.

  2. Create one or more procedures that take an object parameter whose type is the Interface class. Such a procedure can then manipulate the Interface-derived elements of this object. In the example, the procedure takes a parameter whose type is IVehicle (recall that IVehicle is implemented by the Automobile class). Notice that section 2A in the example checks the actual TypeName of the object parameter. If you run this code, you will discover that the object's type is not the type of the Interface class (IVehicle), but rather the type of the object that was passed from the calling routine (Automobile), as described in the next step.

  3. Call the procedures created in step 2 by passing the instantiated object (autFord in the example) of the Client class as a parameter. When you pass this object to the procedure, the Interface manipulation code in the procedure can then access the Interface-implemented elements of the object.

The use of a wrapper routine typically makes your code cleaner and easier to maintain.


  

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